DENR turns over climate change, disaster risk cluster roadmap for 2018-2022 to Malacanang

Environment Secretary Roy A. Cimatu, the chair of the Cabinet Cluster on Climate Change Adaptation, Mitigation, and Disaster Risk Reduction (CCAM-DRR), has turned over to President Rodrigo Roa-Duterte, its plan for climate change adaptation, mitigation and disaster risk reduction for the next four years.

Cimatu said that the roadmap “will serve as an important guide for helping the country lessen the impacts of climate change and disaster risks.”

The turnover of the CCAM-DRR Roadmap to President Duterte is part of the overall plan for the five other cabinet clusters as follows, to turn over their respective roadmaps to the country’s chief executive: Participatory Governance; Infrastructure; Human Development and Poverty Reduction; Security, Justice, and Peace; and Economic Development.

The CCAM-DRR Cabinet Cluster is a cross-departmental body, composed of 20 government agencies as members under Executive Order No. 24, which serves as a venue to harmonize, align, complement, and synergize the programs, activities, and projects (PAPs) among departments and other government agencies in delivering the national vision on climate change adaptation, mitigation, and disaster risk reduction.

According to Cimatu, the over-all goal of the CCAM-DRR Roadmap is “to attain the climate and disaster-resilient communities supporting equitable and sustainable development.”

The roadmap has four outcome objectives namely: (1) increasing adaptive capacities of vulnerable communities; (2) ensuring adequate supply of clean air; (3) increased resilience of critical infrastructure; (4) enhanced knowledge, access to information, and institutional capacities.

Enhancing the climate and disaster-resilient communities in 22 vulnerable provinces, 822 coastal municipalities, and the major urban centers (Metro Manila, Cebu, Iloilo and Davao) is the over-all goal of the roadmap by 2022.

Lawyer Analiza Rebuelta-Teh, DENR’s Undersecretary for Climate Change and Mining Concerns, said that a formal resolution to adopt the roadmap was issued January this year.

One of the strategies for implementing the roadmap is through the Risk Resiliency Program (RRP). “The RRP is the framework program to assist the Philippines in strengthening the resiliency of natural ecosystems and the adaptive capacity of vulnerable communities to short and long-term risks,” Teh said.

The criteria for selecting the first priority geographical areas of focus were based on “high poverty incidence, high susceptibility or exposure to hazards, and provinces’ location in critical or degraded watersheds.”

For this year, the CCAM-DRR Cabinet Cluster agencies are continuing the 2018 PAPs under each outcome category. The RRP, on the other hand, will focus on eight provinces for 2019, including Western Samar, Negros Oriental, Saranggani, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Dinagat, Sorsogon, and Masbate.

“The RRP also aims to contribute to the attainment of the Philippine Development Plan goal of inclusive growth by minimizing the impacts of climate and disaster risks,” Teh concluded. ### 

DENR to use GIS-based land mapping for Marawi rehab

The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) will be utilizing a modern land mapping system as one of the means to sustain order in the war-torn Marawi City through the strategy of “environmental peacebuilding.”

DENR Secretary Roy A. Cimatu said that the DENR will be employing the use of a geographic information system (GIS) land mapping and information system that would “identify, establish, integrate, reconcile and re-establish existing technical and physical land boundaries.”

“Properties in both private and public land, formal and informal settlement descriptions and delineations in the most affected areas and other surrounding areas of Marawi City will also be included in the land mapping to collect information,” Cimatu said.

The GIS is designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographical data.

Utilizing the GIS-based land mapping and information system is in line with the DENR being designated as the agency in charge of the newly created land conflict management unit (LCMU) of Task Force Bangon Marawi’s Sub-committee on Land Resources Management or SLRM.

“Both our goal and strategy is ‘Sustaining Peace and Achieving Sustainable Development Goals through Environmental Peacebuilding’ – these are the DENR’s inputs to the Bangon Marawi Comprehensive Recovery and Rehabilitation Program,” Cimatu said.

DENR Assistant Secretary for Field Operations in Mindanao Michelle Angelica Go, meanwhile, said that the development of a GIS-based land mapping and information system in the area is “indispensable considering the enormity of the survey and spatial data involved.”

“The need also arises to convert, harmonize and integrate the different maps and survey data sets coming from different agencies and those which are conducted under different survey systems and integrate them into one usable spatial data framework,” Go added.

Along with the DENR, SLRM is composed of its active members including DENR-Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao, Department of National Defense (DND), Armed Forces of the Philippines and Land Registration Authority.

According to Go, environmental peacebuilding “leverages on land, land resources and the environment and is consistent with the United Nations General Assembly 2016 Resolution.”

In line with this, the DENR “will be deeply involved in the settlement of land disputes to make sure these parcels of land are rightfully claimed by its owners.”

The land title issue was a major concern raised during the planning process of the Marawi rehabilitation amid the issue of multiple claimants on a single private property.

On the other hand, Go said that the LMCU will operate using a “step-by-step process for resolving land-related disputes and preventing land-related violent conflict.”

“In general, the step-by-step process begins by bringing together all the key stakeholders, including the local government units involved, formal and traditional leaders, and the parties to the conflict to a dialogue process, followed by an adjudication and mediation process that arrives at a decision on the rightful owner or occupant of land,” Go said.

“The DENR is partnering with the DND, the Joint Task Force Ranao, the local government units and the internal mediators composed of sultans, ulamas, the Integrated Bar of the Philippines chapters in Marawi and Lanao del Sur, and other respected local personalities,” the environment undersecretary.

A comprehensive planning to solve the land issues for two pilot barangays, Kapantaran and Campo Ranao, is being conducted by agencies involved in the rehabilitation.

The planning, which is set for piloting this month, aims to facilitate the amicable resolution of local land issues confronted by internally displaced persons, local residents and claimants in Marawi. ### 

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